By Henry William Watson

The 1st variation of Mr. Watson’s ebook was once released in 1876. the current, a revised, a lot more advantageous, and extended quantity, is issued additionally in a handier shape. The publication is, after all, basically mathematical: it bargains virtually solely with the perfect ideal fuel, and supposes that figment of the mathematical brain) “perfect elasticity” to exist for the molecules. it sort of feels to us that, until we all know extra in regards to the inner kinetic strength of molecules and its legislations of dissipation into the encompassing ether, the kinetic thought of gases needs to stay the place Dr. Watson leaves it, a mathematical workout instead of a possible actual thought. Dr. Watson retains away from physics lovely in most cases, or even the identify of Van der Waals doesn't look in his treatise. It lacks a desk of contents or an index. Such books, in particular whilst released by way of a school press, are actually very unusual, and shortly the reviewer will consider in a position to move them via with the one remark “no index”!

—*The Academy and Literature*, quantity forty five [1894]

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**Extra info for A Treatise on the Kinetic Theory of Gases**

**Sample text**

If u be positive this is positive momentum transferred from the negative to the positive side of the plane yz> and if u be negative this is negative momentum similarly transferred from the positive to the negative side of the same plane. * That is to say, the set whereof the number contained in the given region is N. KINETIC THEORY OF GASES. In either case the result 19 that by the mere motion of these is spheres across the area dydz the positive momentum parallel to 2 the axis of x is diminished by the quantity dydzdt on mdNu the negative side of the plane yz and increased by the same quantity on the positive side of that plane in the time dt.

2h q (5) * kinetic energy of agitation PROPOSITION V is . 2h VIII. / A number of sets of molecules are in motion in a given region of space, under the circumstances of the last proposition, to find the action of one part of the medium upon another. The reasoning in this case is in all respects identical with that in the corresponding proposition concerning the sets employed of elastic spheres, and hence we infer (1) That the pressure or action between two portions of the medium separated by any plane is normal to that plane.

2/k_ . 2h the second law of thermodynamics requires that and -- pbv, should be a perfect differential therefore -rbk-l--bx-\ fi 3 for all values of 3 bh and bv. Let us in the first molecular forces, and Now P , and the place suppose that there are no interu be taken equal to the expression let differentials included in ds are functions only of the coordinates relative to the centre of mass of the molecules, and are therefore independent of v. Also since there are no intermolecular is also independent of Therefore forces, it follows that v.

### A Treatise on the Kinetic Theory of Gases by Henry William Watson

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