By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov
This monograph is dedicated to the activation and numerous modifications of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes), i.e. reactions followed by way of the C--H and C--C bond cleavage. Alkanes are the most ingredients of oil and average gasoline, and accordingly are the important feedstocks for the chemical undefined. nevertheless, those elements are recognized to be the least reactive natural compounds. detailed cognizance is paid to the lately chanced on alkane activations in the presence of steel complexes, that are defined in additional aspect. as well as the reactions of saturated hydrocarbons that are the major subject of this publication, the activation of C--H bonds in arenes or even olefins and acetylenes are thought of. The monograph may be important not just if you happen to have an interest in the activation of alkanes and different hydrocarbons via steel complexes, but additionally for experts in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, petrochemistry, and organometallic chemistry. a few components of the monograph may be of curiosity for experts in inorganic and natural chemistry, theoretical chemistry, biochemistry or even biology, and additionally if you paintings within the petrochemical undefined, commercial natural synthesis and biotechnology.
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Masuda, T. Science, 1993, 259, 340. ; Sen, A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 118, 4574. 16. C. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1979, 101, 1032. ; Hirobe, M. Heterocycles 1995, 40, 867. CHAPTER II HYDROCARBON TRANSFORMATIONS THAT DO NOT INVOLVE METALS OR THEIR COMPOUNDS n this chapter we will briefly survey the main types of hydrocarbon transformations that occur without the participation of solid metals or oxides and metal complexes. The alkane transformations described here should be taken into consideration for comparison when discussing the metal complex activation.
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1) . 2) [8b]. The electronically excited oxygen atom reacts with alkanes, the dominant reaction mechanism being the insertion of this atom into the C-H bond, thus yielding chemically activated alcohol followed by fragmentation [8c,d]. Transformations in the Absence of Metals 27 The same species in triplet state reacts with alkanes similarly to free radicals since the insertion is a spin-forbidden reaction for a triplet to form a singlet state molecule. Investigation of the singlet state oxygen reaction with alkanes in the gas phase has revealed that two distinct channels exist for these reactions.
Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes Category should be: CHEMISTRY by A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov