By Tomoko M. Nakanishi (auth.), Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro Tanoi (eds.)
Following the Fukushima nuclear coincidence, a wide quantity of tracking facts has been accrued concerning the soil, air, airborne dirt and dust, and seawater, besides information approximately a major variety of meals provided to the industry. Little is understood, even though, in regards to the impression of radioactive fallout on agriculture, information regarding that is important. even supposing greater than eighty% of the broken sector is expounded to agriculture, in situ info particularly for agriculture is scarce. This e-book offers info in regards to the real circulation and accumulation of radioactivity within the ecological system—for instance, no matter if particles deposited on mountains could be a reason for secondary infection, below what stipulations crops gather radioactive cesium of their suitable for eating elements, and the way radioactivity is transferred from hay to exploit. simply because agriculture is so heavily regarding nature, many experts with diverse components of workmanship has to be considering answering those questions. on the subject of rice, researchers in rice cultivation in addition to in soil, hydrology, and radioactivity size are operating jointly to bare the trails or accumulation of radioactivity within the box. For this function, the Graduate tuition of Agricultural and lifestyles Sciences of The collage of Tokyo has diversified amenities to be had all through Japan, together with farmlands, forests, and meadowlands. Many educational employees individuals have shaped teams to behavior on-site examine, with greater than forty volunteers partaking. This publication provides the knowledge accumulated from the one venture being systematically performed throughout Japan after the Fukushima accident.
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Additional info for Agricultural implications of the Fukushima nuclear accident
I expect that this mutant line will be cultivated in farms in Japan in the near future and that this will reduce the risk of Cd uptake by humans. Notably, the Tos17 disruption line of Os Nramp5 grows poorly in the field (Sasaki et al. 2012), suggesting the importance of selecting an appropriate allele for practical purposes. 34 T. Fujiwara It should be possible to screen mutant elite Japanese cultivars for reduced Cs accumulation in grains using a similar approach. This may allow us to identify the responsible gene(s) using a forward genetic approach, and with such basic understanding, we will be able to reduce Cs contamination not only in rice but also in other plant/vegetable species.
Acknowledgments The studies reported in this chapter were performed as collaborative research by three groups from the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences of the University of Tokyo (Laboratory of Radioplant Physiology, Laboratory of Land Resource Science, Laboratory of Crop Ecology and Morphology) and Fukushima Agricultural Technology Centre. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.
Because the typical farm soil in the affected area (mainly Fukushima) was a gray lowland soil, which binds cesium strongly, the radiocesium contamination of various crops through root absorption was much lower than the provisional regulation level (500 Bq/kg) in most cases during 2011. ). Half way through the investigation of radioactive contamination (pilot survey) of rice in mid-September of 2011, the radiocesium concentration in brown rice was below the detection limit at most test sites and the highest contamination level was approximately 1/4th of the provisional regulation level.
Agricultural implications of the Fukushima nuclear accident by Tomoko M. Nakanishi (auth.), Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro Tanoi (eds.)