By Bill Yenne
Whilst the Oracle of Delphi instructed Alexander the good that he used to be invincible, it used to be right.
The son of the good King Philip II of Macedonia, Alexander used to be knowledgeable via Aristotle and commanded a wing of his father's military within the victory over the Thebans and Athenians on the conflict of Chaeronea-all while he was once nonetheless only a youngster. by the point of his dying at age 32, he had gathered an empire that stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River and incorporated all of Persia and such a lot of Egypt. He governed as either the shah of Persia and as a pharaoh of Egypt via correct of conquest, and he was once additionally topped king of Asia.
Here, historian invoice Yenne illuminates the mythical imaginative and prescient of this classical hero. displaying the simplest characteristics of a battlefield chief, Alexander used to be audacious, competitive, fearless and successful. His unfailing integration of strategic imaginative and prescient and tactical genius took him to the ends of the earth, and into immortality as an army chief. Alexander's impression on cultural and political background and the scope of his army prowess continues to be awe-inspiring to today.
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Extra info for Alexander the Great: Lessons from History's Undefeated General
Darius, meanwhile, decided to remain on the far side of the mountains and move counterclockwise from three o’clock to one, toward a place where he could cross the mountains above Issus and position himself in Alexander’s rear, cutting him off from his base camp. Had Darius remained on the open plains near Sochoi, Alexander probably would have attacked him there. Darius would have had room to maneuver and utilize his superior numbers more easily than he could on the cramped coastal plain around Issus.
His rationale was that this would take the Persians off guard and give the Greco-Macedonian troops the instant gratification of getting into the fight straight away. Alexander’s confidence was also buoyed that day by a good interpretation of omens by Aristander of Telmessos, once his father’s favorite soothsayer, who was now part of Alexander’s entourage. The old fortune teller, who had once told Philip II that his son would be bold as a lion, now predicted a victory for that son. The opening gambit was a fake attack by Parmenio on the left, against the Persian right.
His plan was to use his phalanx troops to undermine the city wall. ” Next, Alexander had his men back fill the trench that the defenders had dug around the wall, so that he could bring up his siege towers. The defenders, however, launched a counterattack outside the walls, torching the towers and attacking the Macedonian troops. Over the next several days, the two sides battled, with Alexander’s engineers continuing to undermine the walls, collapsing both wall sections and a second tower, and with the Persians continuing to set fire to the siege engines.
Alexander the Great: Lessons from History's Undefeated General by Bill Yenne