Home Phenomenology • Download PDF by Edmund Husserl, M. Fleischer: Analysen zur passiven Synthesis: Aus Vorlesungs- und

Download PDF by Edmund Husserl, M. Fleischer: Analysen zur passiven Synthesis: Aus Vorlesungs- und

By Edmund Husserl, M. Fleischer

Five Die äußere Wahrnehmung ist eine beständige Prätention, etwas zu leisten, used to be sie ihrem eigenen Wesen nach zu leisten außerstande ist. additionally gewissermaßen ein Widerspruch gehört zu ihrem Wesen. used to be damit gemeint ist, wird Ihnen alsbald klar­ werden, wenn Sie schauend zusehen, wie sich der objektive Sinn 10 als Einheit dn> den unendlichen Mannigfaltigkeiten möglicher Erscheinungen darstellt und wie die kontinuierliche Synthese näher aussieht, welche als Deckungseinheit denselben Sinn er­ scheinen läßt, und wie gegenüber den faktischen, begrenzten Erscheinungsabläufen doch beständig ein Bewußtsein von dar- 15 über hinausreichenden, von immer neuen Erscheinungsmöglich­ keiten besteht. Worauf wir zunächst achten, ist, daß der Aspekt, die perspek­ tivische Abschattung, in der jeder Raumgegenstand unweigerlich erscheint, ihn immer nur einseitig zur Erscheinung bringt. Wir 20 mögen ein Ding noch so vollkommen wahrnehmen, es fällt nie in der Allseitigkeit der ihm zukommenden und es sinnendinglich ausmachenden Eigenheiten in die Wahrnehmung. Die Rede von diesen und jenen Seiten des Gegenstandes, die zu wirklicher Wahrnehmung kommen, ist unvermeidlich. Jeder Aspekt, jede 25 noch so weit fortgeführte Kontinuität von einzelnen Abschat­ tungen gibt nur Seiten, und das ist, wie wir uns überzeugen, kein bloßes Faktum: Eine äußere Wahrnehmung ist undenkbar, die ihr Wahrgenommenes in ihrem sinnendinglichen Gehalt erschöpfte, ein Wahrnehmungsgegenstand ist undenkbar, der in einer abge- 30 schlossenen Wahrnehmung im strengsten Sinn allseitig, nach der Allheit seiner sinnlich anschaulichen Merkmale gegeben sein könnte.

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Again, connected therewith is the genuine sense of a formal ontology, the concept of which was introduced (in the Logische Untersuchungen) with the fundamental essential distinction 12 INTRODUCTION between formal ontology and material ontology (ontology that has material content) and, correlatively, between the realm of an "analytic" Apriori and that of a "synthetic" (material) Apriori. It appears to me that these clarifications of sense, accomplished in "Part I", should be of enduring use to philosophers; at all events, the problems mentioned have disturbed and greatly occupied me for decades.

The situation is the same if we consider by itself the mere applying of the norm, prior to any question of a corresponding refashioning of practice. The aim is to help oneself or others "practically" in a certain manner, and not to satisfy purely theoretical interests. To be sure, the distinction is after all a relative one: because even purely theoretical activity is indeed activity — that is to say, a practice (when the concept of practice is accorded its natural breadth); and, as a practice, it is part of the universal nexus comprising all practical activities and is subject to formal rules of universal practical reason (the principles of ethics), rules with which a science pour la science can hardly be compatible.

T H I N K I N G , IN T H E BROADEST S E N S E , AS T H E SENSE-CONSTITUTING MENTAL PROCESS. We shall now consider the second topic mentioned: thinking — a word the sense of which must be gathered from the oftenused combination, "die Sprache und das Denken [language and thinking]". In this context the word has an enormously broad sense, one that, it might almost seem, embraces the whole of man's psychic life: For indeed it is often said also that "in der Sprache driicke der Mensch sein Seelenleben aus [in language man expresses his psychic life]".

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Analysen zur passiven Synthesis: Aus Vorlesungs- und Forschungsmanuskripten (1918–1926) by Edmund Husserl, M. Fleischer


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